Working conditions are a set of conditions or the State of the work environment of an enterprise that became the place of work of the employees working in these environments. What is meant here is good working condition that is comfortable and support workers to be able to run its activities properly. Includes everything that exists in the environment that may affect the employee’s performance, as well as safety and security work, temperature, ventilation, temperature, lighting, cleanliness and others – other.
The psychology of engineering or ergonomics is a science that matter of harmony of man and his works. This puts the human sciences as the first element, especially the ability, capacity, and their boundaries. Ergonomics aims to make the work, tools, information, and an environment that is in harmony with each other. His method by analyzing the physical relationship between man and work facilities.
Working conditions and psychology engineering design 3 became divided, namely the design of equipment, environmental design, and the design was temporary. As for the design: 3
a. Equipment Design
Divided into four:
1. The look
The device used by the sender information (engine) to communicate with the receiver (human). The display is divided into two Auditory and Visual
Control was defined as a device that allows humans to transmit information to the machine.
3. The relationship of the controls and display
The operator leads to understanding Human & Machine work together to complete one job.
Modern computers provide excellent examples of human-machine systems through the keyboard or mouse, the computer provides information in the form of a response on a display screen.
b. environmental design
Is divided into two:
1. Work area
The work space is a space whose decorations are styled in such a way as to give the impression of Comfortable to employees so they can work on their job with maximal in the performance of his duties a day today.
2. Automation and Computerization
During the modernization of the company’s extensive use of computerized and automated systems.
c. Design While
Divided into two:
1. Shift Work
Shift Work is the working time pattern given on labor to work on something by the company and are usually divided into work in the morning, afternoon and evening
2. Alternative work schedule